The Silencing of Palestinian and Kashmiri Voices on Social Media

The Silencing of Palestinian and Kashmiri Voices on Social Media

Social network platforms are assisting to avoid Kashmiri and Palestinian anguish from reaching an international audience, says CJ Werleman.


Kashmir and the Palestinian areas have much in common. Each are heavily occupied or blockaded by the armies of powerful states and are house to some of the most egregious human rights violations. A frustrating majority of Kashmiri and Palestinians exist in what can just be described as open air jails.

What the residents and citizens of Kashmir, Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem likewise share is that they are subjected to a sustained and collaborated effort to guarantee that their voices stay unheard in the international media.

When Israeli airstrikes bomb schools and health centers in Gaza, we don’t hear from the Palestinians who’ve been pulled out from the debris, bloody, stunned and wounded. Rather, we are presented with one non-Palestinian representative, politician or lobbyist after another, each trying to mitigate our outrage with propaganda, such as “Israel has a right to protect itself”.

The same can be said for India’s human rights infractions in Kashmir, or what is frequently referred to as the “most militarised place on earth”– a territory that has actually become much more so since New Delhi’s unexpected relocation to withdraw Short article 370 of its Constitution in August, stripping Kashmir of its semi-autonomous status. Rather of the area’s 8 million Muslim voices, we hear just the words of Indian Government spokespeople or Government-friendly news outlets.

The concept that Facebook and twitter are objective platforms built on fairness and equality for all is patently unreasonable.

With that in mind, social networks platforms level the playing field in allowing or supplying a chance for victims of state repression and violence to take into words and images their suffering, grievance and plight. Tweets, Facebook posts and texts via data sharing applications such as WhatsApp allow the world access to information that hasn’t been censored, moderated or neglected by the editorial boards of business advertiser-dependent news corporations.

This is why anti-democratic and authoritarian governments go to terrific lengths to restrict or ban their people’ access to platforms that enable the sharing of info so freely. They know much better than anybody else that, without social networks, the quelched remain undetectable and unheard.

Kashmiris and Palestinians, nevertheless, are not victimised by illiberal or rogue states. They are oppressed by self-proclaimed nonreligious democracies– countries that promote the virtues of free speech and welcome political dissent.

What occurs to the voiceless when social media platforms advantage the particular governments of Israel and India over their quelched populations? It’s a question that causes the darkest locations of our cumulative imagination, to memories of genocide.

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< img src=" https://bylinetimes.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KASHMIR--910x0-c-default.jpg "> Recently, David Kaye, the United Nations Unique Rapporteur on the Promo and Security of the Right to Flexibility of Opinions and Expression, wrote to Jack Dorsey, Twitter’s president, expressing his issue “concerning account actions against Twitter users for publishing or sharing Kashmir-related content”.

” According to details got, Twitter has actually withheld users’ tweets and accounts when they have actually taken part in discussions worrying Kashmir on the platform,” composed Kaye. “Impacted users get notices that either notify them that ‘their account [or tweet] has actually been withheld in India in action to legal demand’ or that ‘their account [or tweet] has actually been kept … based on regional laws’.”

Kaye also pointed out a report published by Twitter which revealed that India made 144 “elimination requests” throughout a six-month period spanning July 2017 to December 2017. Based on the info he had gotten, Twitter “may have started to accede to [Indian] Federal government needs for account and content eliminations since July 2017,” he stated. “In current years, India has actually expanded the scope of its censorship tools and efforts, at the expense of specific rights to freedom of expression, access to info, liberty of association and other essential human rights.”

For a number of years, pro-Kashmir activists have grumbled about having their tweets erased or accounts suspended by Twitter for criticising the Indian armed force’s widely reported human rights offenses in the territory.

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< img src=" https://bylinetimes.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/PALESTINIAN-KILLINGS-910x0-c-default.jpg ">” My account is withheld and shadow-banned in India, which is unlawful, and Twitter states it does not do it, however it can’t explain why people do not see my tweets or replies without searching,” Helene Sejlert, a Swedish-born human rights activist who has actually been speaking and writing on Kashmir for almost 20 years, told me. ” It’s a methodical attempt to silence the growing awareness of the injustice committed versus the Kashmiri people.”

With Kashmir now getting in the fifth month of its interactions blackout under an Indian military-imposed curfew and lockdown, Kashmiris are now likewise having their accounts with WhatsApp removed due to account inactivity.

” WhatsApp is used by some 400 million Indians, making the nation the app’s largest market worldwide,” observed Buzzfeed News. “WhatsApp groups dominate online conversations in India, and many Indians with access to a mobile phone take part in at least a few. So when Kashmiri people began vanishing en masse from groups, a lot of people observed.”

At the exact same time Kashmiri voices are being scrubbed from social networks platforms as an outcome of repressive Indian Federal government actions, so too are accounts belonging to Palestinians since of actions taken by both the Israeli Federal Government and the Palestinian Authority, with a brand-new report showing that more than 100 Facebook accounts coming from Palestinian journalists and activists were prohibited from sharing information and updates during the Israeli military attacks on Gaza last month.

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With Facebook deeming vague or even frequently used Arabic terms or slogans to be “incitement to violence”– while at the same time neglecting Israeli accounts that honestly call for “death to Arabs”– the social networks platform has exposed a “political bias in favour of raising the Israeli narrative while suppressing the Palestinian one,” observed.

Marwa Fatafta, a Palestinian author and policy analyst at Al-Shabaka: The Palestinian Policy Network, declares that Facebook “can not utilize lack of knowledge as a reason” which “economic and political rewards” explain why social networks companies abide by Israeli Government demands.

The earnings intention is precisely what drives US-based social networks platforms to favour the Indian Federal government over the Kashmiri people, and the state of Israel over the Palestinians. The idea that Twitter and Facebook are unbiased platforms built on fairness and equality for all is patently unreasonable, provided both are for-profit corporations which take business choices driven practically completely by the quest for ever-higher earnings while, at the exact same time, syncing themselves with United States foreign policy objectives and priorities.

Ultimately, it’s difficult to argue that social networks platforms are not complicit in avoiding Kashmiri and Palestinian worries, anxiety and anguish from reaching an international audience– which is exactly how India and Israel desire it.


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Trump’s 2020 attack strategy: Smear Biden over mental fitness
By Eric Bradner, Ryan Nobles and Dan Merica, CNN

President Donald Trump and his allies have zeroed-in on an attack against Joe Biden, going after the presumptive Democratic governmental nominee’s mental physical fitness in a coordinated effort using smears and innuendo to paint him as ill-quipped to be President of the United States.

Trump for months has questioned the mental skill of the opponent he calls “Drowsy Joe.” Trump last week described Biden as “a sleepy person in a basement of a home,” and he has actually repeatedly recommended that Biden did not personally write declarations issued by his project criticizing Trump’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic.

His project and the Republican National Committee have progressively focused its attacks on Biden’s tendency for on-camera verbal stumbles in recent weeks, as it looks for to define Biden after he emerged triumphant from the Democratic primary.

One example came previously this month, when Trump’s campaign launched an ad comparing Biden and Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, which closed with the line: “At least Bernie remembers his positions.”

https://twitter.com/parscale/status/1247928262036258816

The attacks are an early demonstration of how Trump will utilize the full Republican politician Celebration apparatus to run a scorched-earth campaign based upon personal insults and unwarranted insinuations– a heightened variation of his playbook from 2016, when Trump and his allies, without proof, called into question Hillary Clinton’s health. They have actually become a daily occurrence from Trump’s campaign, assistants and Republican allies throughout every medium possible– on social media, in campaign e-mail blasts and videos and on Trump-aligned media companies like Fox News.

Biden’s advisers and Democratic allies mention that Trump is guilty of many of the same verbal tics he is attacking Biden over, and often lies and embraces conspiracy theories.

As one Biden ally put it: “Has Trump taken his own guidance and downed a gallon of bleach yet?”

The attacks weaponize Biden’s propensity to stumble over words, utilize the wrong word or interrupt himself in the middle of long answers by stating, “anyhow,” and altering course. To fans of a former vice president who in December 2018 called himself a “gaffe maker,” those long-time spoken tics have always belonged to Biden’s public persona. They are made more forgivable to his advocates by Biden’s openness about conquering a stutter.

Aside from periodic jousts amongst assistants on Twitter, Biden’s project has mostly neglected the Trump project’s attacks.

Biden-world’s view is that the political and media landscape has actually shifted because 2016, when every Trump attack on a rival was treated as novel and took command of the project narrative on social media and cable news.

His consultants pointed to Trump’s stopped working efforts to guide the political discussion in the 2017 Virginia governor’s race, when he and his GOP allies cautioned of the MS-13 gang, in addition to the 2018 midterms, when Trump’s message concentrated on caravans of refugees approaching the US-Mexico border.

” The misapprehension that whatever Trump wishes to speak about is inherently efficient and that he gets to act as the media’s at-large task editor has actually been closed,” a Biden consultant said.

As Biden has adapted to marketing in the age of coronavirus– knocked off the campaign path and rather transmitting occasions and interviews from a transformed rec room in his basement in Delaware– Trump’s project is seizing on every on-camera miscue, with conservative Trump allies such as Fox News host Sean Hannity then magnifying them.

” His sharpness, or absence thereof is on screen every day, every time he talks,” Trump project spokesperson Tim Murtaugh informed CNN in response to concerns about the technique. “His failure to keep a train of thought going is obvious.”

Biden frequently looks down at his notes, which Trump’s allies have actually mischaracterized as Biden dropping off to sleep. Trump’s boy Eric Trump tweeted a seven-second video from Biden’s online broadcast with Hillary Clinton on Tuesday, along with the hashtag “#SleepyJoe.”.

https://twitter.com/EricTrump/status/1255213748811374596.

Robby Mook, Hillary Clinton’s 2016 campaign supervisor, said Trump “always projects his biggest weakens on his challenger in an attempt to deflect criticism from himself.”.

” What is very clear is the White Home thinks his presidency will be evaluated on how properly he is managing coronavirus, so it makes ideal sense that he is now attempting to accuse his challenger of incompetence, which is ridiculous.”.

The attacks resemble how Trump’s campaign pursued Clinton in 2016, Mook noted. Trump and his campaign frequently cast the former secretary of state as sick or unhealthy, a technique that was further elevated after Clinton stumbled after a September 11 occasion in New York due to concealed pneumonia.

” I simply see a pattern regularly from 2016 all the way through now, which is, he attempts to predict his most significant issues onto his opponents so he gives the media a false equivalence to attempt to muddy the water,” Mook stated. “Part of the factor he was so obsessed with calling Hillary Clinton dishonest is because he is probably the most deceitful individual to win the White Home.”.

Biden advisers argue that Trump’s efforts to caricature Biden won’t overcome the same qualities that insulated him in the Democratic primary: After 5 decades in the public eye and eight years as President Barack Obama’s No. 2, voters feel like they know him.

Biden frequently expresses distaste for attacks on his rivals’ character. His aides say that by questioning Biden’s mental capability, the President is guiding the project toward concerns of character and fitness.

” This is asinine to tee up– since it’s 10,000 times even worse for him,” a Biden adviser stated.

As an example of how easily Trump could be parodied, Biden’s assistants indicated a video from The Daily Show in which Fox News hosts and analysts’ comments about Biden’s mental skill were interspersed with videos of Trump’s own verbal flubs.

Biden spokesman Andrew Bates tweeted The Daily Program’s video, which has been seen 3.6 million times on Twitter, on March 25, in action to Trump spokesperson Matt Wolking tweeting: “When is the last time Joe Biden was lucid?”.

https://twitter.com/AndrewBatesNC/status/1242886701002960896.

” Triggering voters to assess prospects’ mental states is a devastating proposal for Donald Trump, so we’re never going to prevent him from going there,” Bates said.
– CNNPolitics.

Trump’s 2020 attack strategy: Smear Biden over mental fitness By Eric Bradner, Ryan Nobles and Dan Merica, CNN President Donald Trump and his allies have zeroed-in on an attack against Joe Biden, going after the presumptive Democratic governmental nominee’s mental physical fitness in a coordinated effort using smears and innuendo to paint him as ill-quipped to be President of the United States. Trump for months has questioned the mental skill of the opponent he calls “Drowsy Joe.” Trump last week described Biden as “a sleepy person in a basement of a home,” and he has actually repeatedly recommended that Biden did not personally write declarations issued by his project criticizing Trump’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic. His project and the Republican National Committee have progressively focused its attacks on Biden’s tendency for on-camera verbal stumbles in recent weeks, as it looks for to define Biden after he emerged triumphant from the Democratic primary. One example came previously this month, when Trump’s campaign launched an ad comparing Biden and Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, which closed with the line: “At least Bernie remembers his positions.” https://twitter.com/parscale/status/1247928262036258816 The attacks are an early demonstration of how Trump will utilize the full Republican politician Celebration apparatus to run a scorched-earth campaign based upon personal insults and unwarranted insinuations– a heightened variation of his playbook from 2016, when Trump and his allies, without proof, called into question Hillary Clinton’s health. They have actually become a daily occurrence from Trump’s campaign, assistants and Republican allies throughout every medium possible– on social media, in campaign e-mail blasts and videos and on Trump-aligned media companies like Fox News. Biden’s advisers and Democratic allies mention that Trump is guilty of many of the same verbal tics he is attacking Biden over, and often lies and embraces conspiracy theories. As one Biden ally put it: “Has Trump taken his own guidance and downed a gallon of bleach yet?” The attacks weaponize Biden’s propensity to stumble over words, utilize the wrong word or interrupt himself in the middle of long answers by stating, “anyhow,” and altering course. To fans of a former vice president who in December 2018 called himself a “gaffe maker,” those long-time spoken tics have always belonged to Biden’s public persona. They are made more forgivable to his advocates by Biden’s openness about conquering a stutter. Aside from periodic jousts amongst assistants on Twitter, Biden’s project has mostly neglected the Trump project’s attacks. Biden-world’s view is that the political and media landscape has actually shifted because 2016, when every Trump attack on a rival was treated as novel and took command of the project narrative on social media and cable news. His consultants pointed to Trump’s stopped working efforts to guide the political discussion in the 2017 Virginia governor’s race, when he and his GOP allies cautioned of the MS-13 gang, in addition to the 2018 midterms, when Trump’s message concentrated on caravans of refugees approaching the US-Mexico border. ” The misapprehension that whatever Trump wishes to speak about is inherently efficient and that he gets to act as the media’s at-large task editor has actually been closed,” a Biden consultant said. As Biden has adapted to marketing in the age of coronavirus– knocked off the campaign path and rather transmitting occasions and interviews from a transformed rec room in his basement in Delaware– Trump’s project is seizing on every on-camera miscue, with conservative Trump allies such as Fox News host Sean Hannity then magnifying them. ” His sharpness, or absence thereof is on screen every day, every time he talks,” Trump project spokesperson Tim Murtaugh informed CNN in response to concerns about the technique. “His failure to keep a train of thought going is obvious.” Biden frequently looks down at his notes, which Trump’s allies have actually mischaracterized as Biden dropping off to sleep. Trump’s boy Eric Trump tweeted a seven-second video from Biden’s online broadcast with Hillary Clinton on Tuesday, along with the hashtag “#SleepyJoe.”. https://twitter.com/EricTrump/status/1255213748811374596. Robby Mook, Hillary Clinton’s 2016 campaign supervisor, said Trump “always projects his biggest weakens on his challenger in an attempt to deflect criticism from himself.”. ” What is very clear is the White Home thinks his presidency will be evaluated on how properly he is managing coronavirus, so it makes ideal sense that he is now attempting to accuse his challenger of incompetence, which is ridiculous.”. The attacks resemble how Trump’s campaign pursued Clinton in 2016, Mook noted. Trump and his campaign frequently cast the former secretary of state as sick or unhealthy, a technique that was further elevated after Clinton stumbled after a September 11 occasion in New York due to concealed pneumonia. ” I simply see a pattern regularly from 2016 all the way through now, which is, he attempts to predict his most significant issues onto his opponents so he gives the media a false equivalence to attempt to muddy the water,” Mook stated. “Part of the factor he was so obsessed with calling Hillary Clinton dishonest is because he is probably the most deceitful individual to win the White Home.”. Biden advisers argue that Trump’s efforts to caricature Biden won’t overcome the same qualities that insulated him in the Democratic primary: After 5 decades in the public eye and eight years as President Barack Obama’s No. 2, voters feel like they know him. Biden frequently expresses distaste for attacks on his rivals’ character. His aides say that by questioning Biden’s mental capability, the President is guiding the project toward concerns of character and fitness. ” This is asinine to tee up– since it’s 10,000 times even worse for him,” a Biden adviser stated. As an example of how easily Trump could be parodied, Biden’s assistants indicated a video from The Daily Show in which Fox News hosts and analysts’ comments about Biden’s mental skill were interspersed with videos of Trump’s own verbal flubs. Biden spokesman Andrew Bates tweeted The Daily Program’s video, which has been seen 3.6 million times on Twitter, on March 25, in action to Trump spokesperson Matt Wolking tweeting: “When is the last time Joe Biden was lucid?”. https://twitter.com/AndrewBatesNC/status/1242886701002960896. ” Triggering voters to assess prospects’ mental states is a devastating proposal for Donald Trump, so we’re never going to prevent him from going there,” Bates said. – CNNPolitics.

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